Why is Meth So Addictive?
In brain cells, methamphetamine produces a lot of dopamine. A neurotransmitter called dopamine transmits pleasure-inducing and reward-inducing signals, so when someone uses meth, they feel good and want those feelings to continue. The decision-making areas of the brain are altered by regular meth use. First few times a person becomes high, he or she makes the decision consciously in the prefrontal cortex of the brain. The choice then passes to the hindbrain, which controls involuntary movements like breathing and blinking.
Abuse of methamphetamine can become uncontrollable when it becomes habitual. When methamphetamine use is voluntary, the brain can return to a normal condition, although this can take years.
During methamphetamine use, binges are prevalent. An individual who binges consumes excessive amounts of a drug while ignoring other bodily demands. Methamphetamine may be taken multiple times to maintain the euphoric effect experienced initially. With repeated use, each subsequent “high” becomes less intense, making it impossible to achieve the same level of bliss as the first time.
How Many People Are Addicted to Meth?
The drug meth is highly addictive and dangerous. 1.6 million Americans used methamphetamine in 2017. The average age at which people begin using methamphetamine is 23 years old. One of the most commonly used illicit drugs in emergency rooms is methamphetamine. Between 2007 and 2017, the number of people dying from methamphetamine overdoses increased by 7.5 times. Methamphetamine was responsible for 15% of all overdose deaths.
Some treatment centerrecently performed its own study, polling 2,135 persons in the United States who had used methamphetamine in the past or now. Following are the results of the poll:
Meth had been used for more than 30 days by 4 out of 5 subjects (83 percent). Only 17% of people gave up before that.
More than a year of meth usage was reported by 43% of participants, while more than five years of use was reported by 13%.
Effects of Meth Addiction
Methamphetamine abuse causes the number of dopamine receptors on the surface of cells in the body to decrease with time. Even if dopamine levels return to normal, brain cells are unable to detect it once the body lowers receptors. As a result, they won’t be able to experience normal pleasure levels. When a person continues to need meth to function and feel normal, he or she develops physiological addiction.
Consequences of short-term meth use:
- Loss of appetite
- Feeling more energized and less weary
- Rush and euphoria
- Irregular and fast heartbeat
- Rapid Breathing
- A boost in focus
- Increased vigilance and vitality
- Loss of body weight
Side effects in the long term:
- Damage of the blood vessels and heart
- Delusions, or false beliefs
- Visual and auditory hallucinations
- Memory problems
- “Meth mouth,” which refers to tooth decay and ulcers in the mouth.
- Picking and itching causing skin infections.
The drug’s “meth mouth” is perhaps the most well-known side effect. There are a number of dental and gum issues associated with meth mouth, including severe tooth decay, tooth loss, tooth breakage, and acid erosion.
Seek Help From A Renowned Treatment Center
Take action immediately if you or a loved one is battling meth addiction. Contact Taylor Recovery Center and speak with one of our Care experts who are standing by to assist you.